As we all know, most of the garbage that we throw into the bin ends up at the landfill. We think we played our part well, and the rest is up to the people handling the garbage at the landfill. But in reality, landfills are overflowing and are closing at an increasing rate. For example, in 1990, in the USA, there were 6,326 active landfills, but now in 2018, the number came down to 1,269 active landfills. That means approximately 80% of the landfills are closed in the past 28 years.
We have developed a mindset that organic matter is disposable over time because of microorganisms. Landfills are an inadequate environment for microorganisms as the level of oxygen is low at the site. That is why microorganisms cannot complete their job. The alternate technique to break down garbage leads to global warming as toxic gases like methane is released. So, the question is, what are we supposed to do in this situation?
The organic waste that we put in our bins helps compost. Composting is the mixture of organic material added to the soil to make it a valuable fertilizer for the plants to grow. It is a natural process to recycle organic matter, for example, leftover food, fruit or vegetable peels, and leaves. The ideal place to do composting is in a garden, but what about the people who live in apartment buildings or with no garden? There are several ways to perform composting indoors. This guide will cover both outdoor garden composting and indoor composting with proper instructions.
If you want successful composting results in your garden, make sure that you follow the correct factors that will lead you to fruitful results. These factors consist of perfect environmental conditions and the right amount of composting materials.
Materials for composting
As human beings require food to live, plants have their own needs. They need certain ingredients that include Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Water. So, how do we assemble all these ingredients?
Let us talk about carbon first. It is a fundamental element that most plants require. How do we find it? Materials that turn brown after being cut off from their life source contain carbon, such as branches, dried leaves, twigs, hay, or dried grass.
Another great source is the tree or woodchips, and sawdust is vital examples. Manure from cows or other herbivore animals also contains a good amount of carbon.
Your compost needs a small amount of nitrogen as compared to carbon. A great source of nitrogen is available in eggshells, fruit, or vegetable peelings.
Oxygen is the most available ingredient on our planet. Our atmosphere contains 20.95% of oxygen. So, the best source of oxygen is in our air. But it requires a little bit of effort so that your compost gains the correct amount of oxygen every week. You use a pitchfork or a garden shovel to bring the beneath layer of compost upwards.
You do not need to give water to your compost daily, but it is significant to maintain the moisture of your soil by checking if it's too wet or too dry. When it's too dry, add some green leaves because they have the appropriate amount of water required by the soil. If it's too wet, add dry leaves or wood chips as they will soak the excess water.
To get more information about materials, you can visit 'whole people'.
Everything on our planet needs ideal environmental conditions to grow or adapt. Similarly, compost needs space that is large enough to get mature between 6 months to 2 years. Once achieved, we need to work on environmental factors such as light and temperature. Place your compost in a shaded place. A shaded region gives the ideal conditions for the compost to get mature on time. Secondly, we need to make sure that there is proper drainage below the compost. Lastly, carefully cover the compost to protect it from the rain.
With all of the ingredients together and the perfect environmental conditions, it is time to know how long it would take for compost to get ready. It takes 2-3 months for a compost to mature into something you can use in your garden. If this time duration seems long, you can always add worms to speed up the overall process.
Two unique indoor composting methods are aerobic composting and Vermicomposting. The soil from your garden or your previous plant pot contains microbes is helpful with organic waste from your kitchen to make compost which is called aerobic composting. Vermicomposting uses worms to turn organic material into vermicompost with the help of soil microbes. Both methods provide excellent results, but vermicompost is much better because it protects from pathogens and helps to regulate the water in the soil.
As outdoor composting required certain conditions to mature, similarly indoor composting has some conditions too. We have to make sure that a sufficient amount of airflow is maintained. Both composting methods require a good amount of oxygen.
Requirements for aerobic composting
We can use greens, vegetable or fruit peels, rotten fruits or vegetables, dead leaves, small twigs, wood chips, or even newspaper. Products like meat, dairy, or cooked food are not suitable.
Requirements for vermicomposting
The organic waste from your kitchen and add the red worms to the topmost layer of the compost. Finding the correct worm is a difficult task, so purchasing it from the nearby garden centres is the best choice.
These are some different ways to make your compost successful. It is a healthy and fun task to perform while giving back to our environment, helping it to recover. It is a great approach to make our world sustainable for our future generations.
When you've got that fluffy, earthy compost, add it to your garden or a plant on your windowsill. Or you can donate to your local community garden.
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